Natural History Photographs


Orchidaceae
Authority:Jussieu 1789
Nederlands:Orchideeënfamilie
English:orchid family
Deutsch:Orchideengewächse
Norsk:Orkidéfamilien, marihandfamilien
Svenska:Orkidéer
Français:Orchidées
Español:orquídeas
Ophrys
Authority:Linnaeus, 1753
Nederlands:Spiegelorchissen
English:bee orchids
Deutsch:Ragwurzen
Norsk:Flueblomslekta
Svenska:Ofryssläktet
apifera
Authority:Hudson, 1762
Nederlands:Bijenorchis
English:Bee Orchid
Deutsch:Bienen-Ragwurz
Svenska:Bi-ofrys
Français:Ophrys abeille
Italiano:ofride fior delle api, ofride fior di ape, vesparia
Español:abejera, abejita, flor de la abeja
argolica
Authority:H.Fleischm., 1919
Nederlands:gebrilde ophrys
English:eyed bee orchid
Français:ophrys à lunette
bombyliflora
Authority:Link, 1800
Nederlands:Weidehommelorchis
English:Bumblebee orchid
Deutsch:Drohnenragwurz, Hummelragwurz
Français:ophrys bombyx, ophrys bourdon
Italiano:ofride fior di bombo
Español:flor de abeja, hierba de la avispa, moscas
ferrum-equinum
Authority:Desf., 1807
Nederlands:Hoefijzerophrys, Hoefijzerorchis
English:Horseshoe orchid
Deutsch:Großblütige Hufeisenragwurz
Français:Ophrys fer à cheval
fuciflora
Authority:(F.W.Schmidt) Moench, 1802
Synonyms:Arachnites fuciflorus F.W.Schmidt, 1793
Ophrys holoserica auct. mult.
Nederlands:Hommelorchis
English:Late Spider-orchid
Deutsch:Gewöhnliche Hummelragwurz
Français:Ophrys bourdon, Ophrys frelon
Italiano:ofride dei fuchi, ofride fior di bombo, vesparia crestata
fusca
Authority:Link, 1800
Nederlands:Bruine spiegelorchis, Bruine ophrys
English:Brown bee orchid, Sombre bee orchid
Deutsch:Dunkle Ragwurz, Rotbraune Ragwurz
Français:Ophrys brun
Italiano:moscaria giallognola, ofride scura
Español:abejera oscura, abejita, flor de la abeja, monjitas, mosca fusca,
moscardo fusco
fusca
Authority:Link, 1800
Nederlands:Bruine spiegelorchis, Bruine ophrys
English:Brown bee orchid, Sombre bee orchid
Deutsch:Dunkle Ragwurz, Rotbraune Ragwurz
Français:Ophrys brun
Italiano:moscaria giallognola, ofride scura
Español:abejera oscura, abejita, flor de la abeja, monjitas, mosca fusca,
moscardo fusco
insectifera
Authority:Linnaeus, 1753
Nederlands:Vliegenorchis
English:Fly Orchid
Deutsch:Fliegen-Ragwurz
Norsk:Flueblomst
Svenska:Flugblomster
Français:Ophrys mouche
Italiano:ofride fior di mosca, ofride insettifera, pecchie
Español:abejita, moscas, mosquera
kotschyi
Authority:H.Fleischm. & Soó, 1926
lutea
Authority:Cav., 1793
Nederlands:Gele ophrys, Gele orchis, Gele spiegelorchis
English:Yellow bee orchid
Deutsch:Gelbe Ragwurz
Svenska:Gul ofrys
Français:Ophrys jaune, Ophrys de Corse
Italiano:ofride gialla
Español:abejera amarilla, abejita amarilla, flor de abeja amarilla, hierba de la avispa,
yellow bee orchid
olbiensis
Authority:E.G.Camus, 1908
omegaifera
Authority:H.Fleischm., 1925
reinholdii
Authority:Spruner ex Fleischm., 1907
Nederlands:befophrys
English:Reinhold's bee orchid
Deutsch:Reinholds Ragwurz
Français:ophrys de Reinhold
scolopax
Authority:Cav., 1793
Nederlands:Sniporchis
English:Woodcock orchid
Deutsch:Gehöckerte Ragwurz, Schnepfenragwurz
Français:Ophrys bécasse, Ophrys oiseau
Italiano:ofride beccaccino, ofride cornuta
Español:abejera, abejera becada, flor de abeja, flor de la araña
speculum
Authority:Link, 1799
Nederlands:Spiegelorchis
English:Mirror orchid, Mirror-of-Venus
Deutsch:Spiegelragwurz
Français:Miroir de Vénus, Ophrys miroir
Italiano:ofride azzurra
Español:abejera de espejo, espejo de Venus, flor de abeja, flor del espejo
sphegodes
Authority:Mill., 1768
Nederlands:Spinnenorchis
English:Early Spider-orchid
Deutsch:Spinnen-Ragwurz
Français:Ophrys araignée
sphegodes
Authority:Mill., 1768
Nederlands:Spinnenorchis
English:Early Spider-orchid
Deutsch:Spinnen-Ragwurz
Français:Ophrys araignée
tenthredinifera
Authority:Willd., 1805
Nederlands:Wolzweverophrys
English:Sawfly orchid
Deutsch:Wespenragwurz
Français:Ophrys frelon, Ophrys guêpe, Ophrys porte-scie, Ophrys à grandes fleurs
Italiano:ofride fior di vespa, vesparia barbata
Español:abejera, flor de la abeja

Nota bene: The taxonomy of the genus Ophrys is somehwat of a contentious topic. Many taxa have been described as species, but there is ongoing discussion whether these taxa should indeed be recognized at the species level. As a result, the number of recognized species varies tremendously from author to author; Véla et al. (2008) report that this number ranges from 10 to 250!

In the field, one immediately notices the rich variability of many taxa. If one adheres to narrowly defined taxa, it is not exceptional to find specimens that cannot with certainty be identified; quite often the narrowly defined taxa seem to blend into one another without crystal clear boundaries. This rather unsatisfactory situation would still be acceptable if it were supported by independent evidence, for instance from genetic studies. However, the genetic evidence points in the direction of fewer rather than more species (Devey et al. 2008). As long as the debate has not been settled, I choose to follow The Pant List, which tends to be rather conservative in accepting various taxa.